The Kyiv Fortress or New Pechersk Fortress is located in Pechersk, Kyiv, Naddniprianshchyna. It is the largest monument of military construction in the first half of the 19th century in Ukraine. In addition, it is one of the world's largest surviving stone and earth fortresses.
Historical background and structure Kyiv Fortress is a complex of structures built in the 1830-1860. Its foundation was initiated by Nicholas I (1796-1855), since the Starokyivska (Old Pecherska) fortress at that time was outdated and no longer performed a defensive function. The project was developed by Karl Opperman (1766-1831), a German-born engineer, surveyor, army officer and fortification builder in the service of the Imperial Russian Army. The structure of the Kyiv fortress includes earthen fortifications, defensive walls, Hospitalne and Vasylkivske fortifications and brick casemates. The fortress was so great that some of the inhabitants of the Pechersk region were relocated to the valley of the Lybid River, where a new district of the city was formed.
Today’s use in tourism Most of the fortifications are preserved to this day. The fortress is a historical and architectural museum complex based on the Hospitalne fortification. It includes, in particular, a number of museums, an exposition with defensive ramparts in the open air, a fortress wall and caponiers. In some buildings, units of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are located, as well as the Main Military Clinical Hospital. Exhibitions, theater performances, conferences and other events are held on the territory of the fortress.
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